Japan Railway & Transport Review No. 64 (p70-p75)
Transfer of Rolling Stock to Indonesia and Technical Support for Maintenance
Starting in September 2013, East Japan Railway Company
(JR East) has transferred 180 carriages of the Series 205
used previously on the Saikyo Line to the Indonesian
railway operator PT. KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (PT. KCJ).
In November 2013, JR East also dispatched engineers to
provide on-site technical support for maintaining these
rolling stock. This was followed on 26 March 2014 with the
signing of a memorandum of understanding between JR
East and the Indonesian railway operator PT. Kereta Api
Indonesia (PT. KAI) and PT. KCJ on mutual cooperation in
areas such as railway operation. May this year saw the start
of transfer of 176 carriages of the Series 205 used previously
on the Yokohama Line.
|Railways in Indonesia|
|PT. Kereta Api Indonesia|
Intercity medium- and long-distance passenger train and freight operations across Indonesia are handled by PT. KAI, which was established in 1999 by reorganization of Indonesia’s Public Railway Corporation. Indonesia’s railways have adopted a system of vertical separation of infrastructure and operations, with tracks and trackside equipment owned by the nation and PT. KAI commissioned to run trains, own rolling stock, and maintain trackside facilities and rolling stock.
|PT. KAI Commuter Jabodetabek|
The Series 205 cars are being transferred to PT. KCJ,
which was established in 2009 as a subsidiary of PT. KAI.
It operates the urban network in the Jabodetabek area
Figure 1: Jakarta Urban Railway Network
|Transfer of Series 205 Carriages|
Due to the recent rapid increase in railway passengers
in the Jakarta area, PT. KCJ requested transfer of used
railway carriages in summer of 2013. At the same time, JR
East had decided to transfer its older but still serviceable
rolling stock to help contribute to international development
in line with globalization efforts. Although the transfer of
Series 205 carriages from the Saikyo Line extended past
efforts, it still stands out for being packaged with technical
support for rolling stock maintenance covered in more
detail later in this article.
|Technical Support for Rolling Stock Maintenance|
In line with the Series 205 transfer, three employees from
the Omiya General Rolling Stock Center were dispatched to
Jakarta in November 2013 to explain to PT. KCJ personnel
how to rebuild the 10-car trainsets that had been loaded
onto ships one-by-one, as well as items to check at test
runs. Also, groups of three employees from the Kawagoe
Rolling Stock Center were dispatched three times to Jakarta
from January to March 2014 to explain the required periodic
inspections (daily and regular).
Photo: Series 205 carriages at Jakarta Kota Station
JR East started transferring Series 205 rolling stock to PT. KCJ in 2013 followed up for the first time by direct technical support by engineers who maintain those carriages. The memorandum of understanding between JR East and PT. KAI and PT. KCJ regarding mutual cooperation in areas such as railway operation will help the companies exchange information on operations, maintenance, and management, and deepen cooperative human interactions.
Information in the ‘Overview’ section was taken from: Circumstances of Railways in Indonesia, Kenji Kamite, Embassy of Japan in Indonesia, JARTS No. 223, 2014 (Japanese Document) Information in the ‘PT. KAI Commuter Jabodetabek’ section was taken from: Past and Present of Railways in Jabodetabek Area of Indonesia, JARTS No. 223, 2014 (Japanese Document)
Mr Ito is a member of Transport and Rolling Stock Department at JR East.
Ms Sugawara is a member of International Department at JR East.